From an innovation point of view, access to data can lead to groundbreaking discoveries. Take, for example, data modelling for the property comparison of molecules in drug discovery; the gathering of data from smart metres to balance power supply; or the collection of data for measuring and reducing carbon emissions. Opportunities are vast and, as a result, there is an economic as well as social incentive to widen access to data. But an entirely open and free-flowing data ecosystem can lead to headaches and catastrophes, like privacy breaches, cyber security threats, or simply data overload.
How can Europe best harness data’s potential, and address risks?