The Economist Intelligence Unit has created the Latin America Cancer Control Scorecard (LACCS) to assess cancer-control policies and programmes in 12 Latin American countries. The LACCS shows that a number of countries in the region have put in place or strengthened their National Cancer Control Plans. However, plans are often not sufficiently comprehensive and lack funding. Progress has also been made in rolling out population-based cancer registries in the region, but issues with data quality and coverage persist. Other areas with room for improvement include high rates of late-stage diagnosis, insufficient resources for current and future cancer-care needs, fragmented healthcare systems and inequalities in access to care.